Before finding outlets talk about sinus infection first, what is a sinus infection? Sinuses are the passages around your nose and infection there are called a Sinus infection.
These are the tubular passages for secretions to the nose and thus inflammation there obstructing the pathways causing nasal symptoms i.e pain and pressure behind the cheeks and eyes, headache, sneezing, nasal discharge along with fever.
There are 4 types of sinuses
- Frontal sinus.
- Maxillary sinus.
- Ethmoid sinus.
- Sphenoid sinus.
Infection of any of these can cause these symptoms but the most common infected sinuses are Frontal and Maxillary sinuses.
How can we differentiate between Common cold and Sinus infection or Sinusitis?
Common cold have almost the same symptoms as Sinusitis but we can differentiate one from each other by their duration i.e Common cold mostly settles in 5 to 10 days but a sinus infection can take weeks to months for a full recovery.
Types of sinus infection
There are 4 types of Sinusitis.
Sinus infection of fewer than 2 months.
Sinus infection of more than 2 months but less than 6 months.
Sinusitis of more than 6 months.
More than 2 episodes of sinusitis in a Year.
What Causes Sinusitis?
Sinusitis can be caused by infection of bacteria, viruses, and fungus but also by allergens and irritants. Bacterial Sinus infection will have a high fever and mucopurulent discharge from the nose.
On the other hand, viruses infection of sinuses will cause low-grade fever and clear watery discharge from the nose. Fungal sinus infections are very rare but have more complications.
Allergic sinusitis will be triggered by some specific allergen or irritant, and anti-allergic medications would be the choice of treatment in this case.
Now before jumping to the treatment of Sinus infection, let’s talk about our first query, Is Sinus infection contagious?
Most of the researchers agreed that sinus infection itself is not contagious most of the time but the conditions that cause or precipitate sinus infection can be contagious e.g Common cold, tonsillitis, adenoids infection, or any other respiratory infection.
There are more than one type of treatment for sinusitis.
1. Self Maneuvers:
One of the best Maneuver is sinus massage i.e rubbing your skin over the nose and cheeks gently and that relieves some pressure on the sinus and improves symptoms.
2. Home remedies:
There are many home remedies for chronic sinusitis and one of the remedies is mixing all these ingredients in boiled water and drink it daily,
- A. Lemon
- B. Ginger
- C. Honey
- D. Turmeric
Many people say that their symptoms are remarkably improved by the regular use of this tonic.
3. Homeopathic Medications:
Some homeopathic medications are said to be effective in the treatment of Sinusitis.
4. Western medicine:
Pharmaceutical drugs are said to be most effective and are used for immediate relief and are used according to the type of infections i.e.
- A. Antibiotics are used in the case of bacterial sinusitis.
- B. Antifungal is used in fungal infection.
- C. Antivirals are not used most of the time as most of the viral sinusitis resolves within 10-15 days.
- D. Anti Allergic medications are used in allergic sinusitis.
Paracetamol and NSAIDS can be used in the case of fever and pain, but always visit your physician for proper use of medications.
How can we differentiate between Sinusitis and COVID-19?
COVID-19 has symptoms similar to sinusitis but the differentiation feature is cough, which is present in COVID-19 but not in sinusitis, loss of taste is also a feature most commonly present in COVID-19 but not in sinusitis.
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