Blood pressure is the pressure our blood exerts on blood vessels during circulation. There are two types of blood pressure.
- Systolic blood pressure.
- Diastolic blood pressure.
Today, our primary focus would be diastolic blood pressure. This blood pressure is the pressure our blood exerts on blood vessels between heartbeats. The average value of a healthy person is 80 mmHg.
How to reduce Diastolic blood pressure?
There are many ways to reduce diastolic blood pressure, but we must keep that in mind that diastolic blood pressure less than 60 mmHg is dangerous and can have serious consequences.
Here are the following ways to reduce diastolic blood pressure.
Exercise causes our blood vessels to dilate, and dilated vessels cause low blood pressure by increasing area.
On the other hand, the long-term movement also causes the heart to pump efficiently with more blood and hence fewer times in a minute than a non-exercising person, which in turn (low heart rate) also lowers diastolic blood pressure.
Hypertensive patients should exercise or at least walk 30 minutes a day.
Diet is considered one of the essential things in controlling blood pressure. Organic and natural foods maintain blood pressure, and that is the reason why there are so many new cases of high blood pressure these days than there were a few decades ago.
Eating fast food more than natural food causes blood pressure to rise. Green vegetables are beneficial for lowering blood pressure.
3. Less Sodium Intake:
Sodium causes our blood vessels to constrict, and constricting blood vessels causes high blood pressure. Restrict your sodium intake by less than 1500 milligram per day.
4. High Potassium intake:
High potassium levels relax our blood vessels and are suitable for lowering diastolic blood pressure. Bananas are bags of potassium. Hypertensive patients should have bananas as a part of their diet.
More stress means high blood pressure due to the release of Corticosteroid. Cortisol is a form of Corticosteroid that releases during stress and causes high blood pressure. High blood pressure patients should not take tension.
Diastolic blood pressure also increased due to an increase in the intake of caffeine. Caffeine causes the release of chemicals in our body which in turn, increases diastolic blood pressure.
High blood pressure patients should drink a limited amount of coffee, if necessary.
The medicine should be used only after consulting your doctor and should be of last resort.
Diastolic blood pressure can be decreased due to lifestyle, but if everything fails, then we can go for medicines, and there are many medicines for lowering diastolic blood pressure like,
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, e.g. Captopril, enalapril.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers e.g losartan, candisartan.
- Beta-blockers, e.g. propranolol.
- Calcium channel blockers, e.g. Nifedipine, Amlodipine.
- Diuretics e.g thiazides, loop diuretic.
As mentioned above, that too much low diastolic blood pressure is not right, and a person should monitor blood pressure regularly.
Signs and symptoms of high diastolic blood pressure?
- Nose bleed.
Signs and symptoms of low diastolic blood pressure?
Diastolic blood pressure of more than 90 mmHg is high.
Read our article on: Hypertension Vs Hypotension