What is brain stroke?

What Is Brain Stroke?

We often heard about brain stroke, and it’s complications, and it is an excellent possibility that we have seen a patient of brain stroke in our life because it is the 3rd leading cause of death after Heart problems and Cancers.

So what is Brain stroke?

A brain stroke is a term given to the condition when blood flow to the brain tissue stops or decreased so that brain parts can not work effectively. There are two types of brain stroke. 

Types and causes of brain stroke

Ischemic stroke: 

When vessels taking blood to the brain occludes, most probably due to a clot in the boat, then the blood flow to that brain part is stopped or significantly reduced, causing Damage or ‘Necrosis’ to that brain part.

Hemorrhagic stroke: 

This is the second type of stroke. It happens when a specific artery ruptures, most probably due to high blood pressure, causing extravasation ( outside the vessel) of blood. Thus blood can not reach its particular destination, and that part of the brain will be damaged.

Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, and it happens mostly in Obese, old, diabetic, high cholesterol patients. Whereas Hemorrhagic stroke is less common than Ischemic stroke, and it occurs mainly in patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure.

Symptoms

Having known all these, let’s find out how we can see when a person is having a stroke? What are the symptoms of a stroke?

The patient with a stroke will experience enormous pain, and most of the patients start pointing out to their head and say nothing, and some describe the problem as the worst pain of their life.

The other symptoms depend on the area of the brain involved, like.

  • Loss of speech in damage of the Anterior or frontal part of the brain with paralysis to the lower limb.
  • Loss of apprehension of speech and paralysis of the upper limb and hearing loss damage the middle part of the brain.
  • Loss of vision and balance and slight movements in damage to the posterior part of the brain.

Whenever a person is having a stroke. It is imperative to know whether it is Ischemic or Hemorrhagic because treatment to both is different. The wrong diagnosis can lead to crisis.

Treatment

We should look for these symptoms and immediately call for medical help and bring the patient to a nearby hospital because we can do much at home.

Some patients recover fully, and some patients lose particular functions of the body depending upon the type, area, time of stroke.

Prevention

We can prevent a stroke from happening by controlling our cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the case of Ischemic stroke and by maintaining our blood pressure in case of Hemorrhagic stroke.

A 30-minute walk or some other exercise at least four times a week can significantly reduce both types of stroke types. We should adopt a healthy lifestyle to avoid these deadly diseases.


Read our article on: Hypertension Vs Hypotension

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